4 types of tenants you can find in Nigeria. – Section 47 of the Tenancy Law of Lagos 2011 defines a tenant to include a subtenant or any person occupying any premises whether by payment of rent or by operation of law. It does not include any person unlawfully occupying any property under a bona fide claim to be the owner. For a person to be considered a tenant, his entry into the property in question must be lawful. A squatter or a trespasser may be considered a tenant under the law depending on how he came into occupation of the premises in question.
The law recognises 4 types of tenants. They include:
1. Statutory Tenant:
Where a tenancy has come to an end and the tenant refuses to vacate such premises, he would no longer be a tenant of the landlord but will be under the protection of the law as long as he remains in such premises. The law protects such tenants from being forcefully thrown out of the premises until the required legal steps have been taken. Such a person becomes a statutory tenant by the operation of law.
2. Tenant at will:
This is a type of tenant that entered into an agreement with the landlord that at any time, either of them may decide to terminate the tenancy by giving reasonable notice. Such tenant is in possession of the premises or property at the landlord’s will.
3. Tenant at sufferance:
This is a tenant that is still in possession of the premises, even while his tenancy has expired. The law allows him to still be in possession of the property because his initial entry into the land was lawful.
4. Service Tenant:
Where an employee is in possession of premises given to him by his employer, he is a service tenant. He is not mandated to pay rent during the period of that tenancy. As soon as such an employee loses his job, his tenancy also expires. Do ask any questions you might have below.